Public Summary

Pulang-Entunau FMU (T/3250)

Forest Management Plan

Background Information

  • Pulang-Entunau FMU covers about 59.5% of the Forest Timber Licence No. T/3250 and the other 40.5% is affected by Baleh Hydro-Electric Power (HEP) dam catchment and exclusion area downstream of Baleh HEP due to HEP quarry site and shifting agriculture (SA) claims.

  • The size of this FMU is about 21,237 hectares.

  • It is located in the central region of Sarawak within Kapit Division, about 75 kilometres upriver along Batang Baleh from the town of Kapit.

  • The general location of this FMU is as shown on Figure 1.

 Figure 1 : General location of Pulang-Entunau FMU

Legal Status

  • Grand Resources Sdn. Bhd. previously carried out commercial logging in Pulang-Entunau FMU from 1981 to 1991 when the area was part of Forest Timber Licence No. T/3063.

  • The current licensee, Jutakayu Sdn. Bhd., took over the timber harvesting upon the issuance of Forest Timber Licence No. T/3250 on 15th March, 1991.

  • After its expiry on 14th March 2001, the licence has been renewed a number a number of times and the latest expiry date is 14th March 2020.


Forest Resource Assessment

  • The entire FMU can be considered as a logged-over forest.

  • The FMU is mainly under forest cover compromising of MDFI (28%), MDFII (33%) and MDFIII (30%). The remaining of the FMU are open areas, which are attributed to roads, skid trails, landings and clearings of SA activities.

  • The FMU has been zoned into three categories which are production area (73.8%), protection area (0.9%) and community use area (25.3%).

Management System

  • The Forest Management Plan (FMP) of Pulang-Entunau FMU will cover a period of 15 years from 2019 to 2034.

  • The logging operator of the FMU will be adopting a 25-year cutting cycle with a harvesting period of 15 years. 15 annual coupes will be worked over a period of 15 years from 2019 to 2034.

  • The cutting limits imposed are 50cm. DBH for Dipterocarp species and 45 cm. DBH for non-Dipterocarp species.

  • Presently there is insufficient data available on the forest growth and yield in the Pulang-Entunau FMU to determine an accurate incremental growth volume. Using the projected gross volume in increments of the FOMISS Project as a guide, the average allowable annual cut is 39,628 m3 and with MPL of 3302 m3.

  • Pulang-Entunau FMP is to commence in 2019 and a revision is expected at the end of 5th year of implementation in end 2023/early 2024.

Harvesting System

  • For ground-based harvesting system, the FMU adopts Reduced Impact Logging (RIL) techniques which are by using a combination of tractors and modified excavators, also known as log fisher.

  • The RIL techniques are adopted in order to reduce environmental impacts on the soil and water resources of the FMU and also to minimize damage to the residual stand.

Environmental Impact Assessment

  • The Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Report entitled “Re-Entry Logging under the Forest Timber License (FTL) No. T/3250 at the Batang Baleh Area Kapit Division, Sarawak” was approved by the Natural Resources and Environment Board (NREB) Sarawak on 31st October 2014.

  • The FMU shall adhere to the mitigation measures as prescribed in the General and Specific Terms and Conditions of the approved EIA Study Report.

Forest Research

  • Regular tree measurements of the established permanent sample plots (PSP) are used to monitor and study the growth and mortality of the logged-over forest in the FMU.

  • 2 PSPs have been established for each coupe and a total of 30 PSPs have been established in the FMU.

  • Based on the data collected over a period of times, it is hoped that an accurate growth and yield stimulation model can be established.

  • Re-assessment of the PSPs is to be carried out periodically on a 3 to 5 year interval.

Silviculture Management

  • In Pulang-Entunau FMU, silviculture treatment will take the form of enrichment planting and/or rehabilitation works.

  • Local indigenous species such as Kelampayan, Sawih or other local commercial species such as Meranti, Kapur and Keruing are planted for enrichment planting works.

  • For rehabilation works, fast growing cover such as Mucuna Bracteata species and local forest creepers are planted.

Wildlife Management

  • The objective of wildlife management is to ensure that the FMU is adequately managed for wildlife protection because wildlife is critical to ensure the long-term diversity and health of the forests in this FMU and to promote regeneration after the completion of felling and extraction operations.

  • The FMU is to appoint Honorary Wildlife Ranger and implements wildlife protection and conservation programmes.

High Conservation Value Areas (HCVA)

Summary of HCVF findings at Pulang-Entunau FMU.





Protected Areas: All forest legally gazette as a Protected Area (PA) under Malaysia legislation (federal/state).



Threatened and Endangered species: Any species categorized as either Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the IUCN Red List, Appendix I of CITES or listed as protected under Malaysia legislation (federal/state).



Endemism: Forest containing endemic species particularly in high concentrations or highly restricted.



Critical Temporal Use: Areas important to wildlife for feeding, nesting, roosting, migration or contains saltlicks.



Landscape-level Forest: Forest area contains or is part of a globally, regionally or nationally significant large landscape-level forest where significant populations of most if not all naturally occurring wildlife species exist in natural patterns of distribution and abundance.



Ecosystems: Forest area contains or is part of a threatened or endangered ecosystem.



Watershed Protection: Dam catchment areas and any forest area legally gazette as a Protection Forest for water catchment under any federal or state legislation.



Erosion Control: Forest areas that have been legally gazette for soil protection or conservation under federal or state law.



Barriers to Destructive Fires: Areas that act as barriers to provide protection of forest, especially forests with HCVs, from fire in areas that are generally fire-prone.



Basic Needs of Local Communities: Forest area is fundamental to meeting basic needs of local communities.



Cultural Identity of Local Communities: Forest area is critical to local communities’ traditional cultural identity.


Community Wellbeing

  • A “Social Impact Assessment for timber harvesting in Forest Timber Licence No/ T/3250 covering Pulang-Entunau FMU at Batang Baleh area Kapit Division” was prepared by Ecosol Consultancy Sdn. Bhd.

  • 5 settlements are located inside the FMU and 11 settlements are outside the FMU but considered to be Project-Affected Communities (PACs) as they are located within 3km from the FMU.

  • The local communities are one of the significant stakeholders in the FMU. Hence, a Community Representative Committee (CRC) has been established to foster good relationship between the FMU and the community.

  • In addition, a SFM Liaison Committee will also be established.

Occupational safety and Health

  • The commitment towards Safety and Health are clearly stated in the Occupational Safety and Health Policy.

  • A safety Health and Employer/Employee Relations committee has been established.




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